Wisdom Tooth Extraction
What is wisdom tooth?
Wisdom teeth are the third and last molars in the dentition, located along the edges of the upper and lower jaw. These teeth erupt last, usually in late adolescence or in their early twenties.
With partial eruption of wisdom teeth or their incorrect position, painful symptoms, crowding of teeth and other malocclusion can occur. Since tooth extraction before the age of 20 is accompanied by fewer complications due to less developed roots, the American Dental Association recommends an assessment of the condition of wisdom teeth for their extraction between the ages of 16 and 19 years.
Since wisdom teeth are last molars that emerge or erupt in the last place, there is often not enough room in the mouth for their development. This can lead to retention of the wisdom tooth (position of the tooth below the gum line and non-eruption of the tooth). When teeth are retained, the gum tissue around the third molar may swell and become painfully tender.
If the wisdom tooth has already erupted, a simple removal procedure is performed. After surgery is complete, your doctor may ask you to lightly bite a gauze pad and hold it in your mouth for 30 to 45 minutes after you leave the clinic to limit the amount of bleeding.
If the wisdom tooth is impacted or buried in the alveolar bone, our oral surgeon Dr Eric makes an incision in the gum tissue to remove the tooth in parts in order to minimize the amount of bone removed. In this case, the patient may develop pain or swelling, however, these phenomena disappear after a few days, but nevertheless, it is necessary to contact the dentist or maxillofacial surgeon if the pain, swelling, bleeding or fever is prolonged or pronounced.
After surgery, patients often develop swelling and tenderness in the face and neck area and hematoma. You can use ice packs or pain relievers prescribed by your dentist or maxillofacial surgeon to relieve the condition, but if you have questions or if you have anxiety about certain symptoms, you should contact the surgeon.
What may happen after the extraction?
After the extraction of the tooth, a blood clot forms in the socket, which seals it, promoting tissue healing. Dry socket syndrome can occur within the first five days after tooth extraction, when the blood clot breaks down or displaces, which leads to the exposure of bone tissue. Dry socket syndrome develops in only 2-5% of people.
A dry socket can be very painful! To reduce pain, your dentist rinses the empty socket, removes tissue debris, and applies a medicated dressing to the wound to protect the area and reduce pain. The dentist will prescribe antibiotics to the patient to prevent infection and pain relievers to reduce discomfort. With proper care and no damage, the hole heals in 7-10 days.
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