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Smoking leads to Oral Cancer and Gum Disease

When you think about the health consequences of smoking, lung diseases usually come to mind: lung cancer, pulmonary emphysema, chronic bronchitis. Considering that tobacco smoking can negatively affect the health of almost all organs and systems of the human body, it is not surprising that it can also damage the oral health.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking is the most common cause of all preventable death and disease in the United States. Whether you smoke cigarettes, cigars, or smokeless tobacco, the fact remains that tobacco in all its forms — and even the tobacco smoke around you — does not really have a safe level of exposure. Your risk of developing tobacco-related illnesses, including oral problems, depends on the length of time you use tobacco and the number of cigarettes you smoke per day.

 

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer develops as a result of mutations in healthy cells in the tissues of the mouth and can occur in several ways. According to the Oral Cancer Foundation. tobacco smoking plays a significant role in the many cases of oral cancer diagnosed annually. A University of California study found that 8 out of 10 oral cancer patients smoked tobacco. When tobacco smoke is inhaled, harmful chemical compounds pass through the mouth and throat before reaching the lungs. With long-term repeated use of tobacco, these chemical compounds cause changes in the state of the oral cavity over time, which can lead to the development of cancer.

Despite this, oral cancer is a preventable disease. By eliminating tobacco and other high-risk habits and getting regular dental check-ups, you can protect yourself from developing oral cancer in the future.

Periodontal (gum) disease 

Inflammatory periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and bone surrounding the teeth with harmful bacteria that build up in the mouth and can lead to tooth loss. However, when it comes to gum disease, bacteria are not the only cause of gum disease. According to the CDC, people who smoke tobacco have twice the risk of developing gum disease than non-smokers.

Smoking interferes with the functioning of the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight health conditions like gum disease. Treatment of periodontal disease in a person who smokes may not be as successful as in a non-smoker, since smoking makes it difficult for the gums to heal.
 

Bad breath and teeth staining 

In addition to serious risks of oral cancer and gum disease, smoking, according to the American Dental Association's (ADA's) oral health, can also disrupt taste and smell and slow tissue recovery after tooth extraction or other dental procedures. In addition, the tar from cigarette smoke stains the enamel surface of the teeth, causes bad breath, and can even cause discoloration of the tongue. The only way to remove such stains from enamel is get a professional oral hygiene in the dentist's office.

Permanent home care

The nicotine in cigarettes is extremely addictive, so quitting smoking is not easy. However, for a person who smokes, quitting this bad habit is an important step towards improving overall health.

Because it is difficult to quit smoking, many people need support. Take your time and talk to your dentist about smoking cessation options. While you are developing a smoking cessation plan, keeping your mouth and teeth clean can encourage you to continue your daily oral care. Daily brushing of teeth with fluoride toothpaste and dental floss prevents the development of tooth decay and periodontal disease.

Now that you are aware of the dangers that smoking poses to oral health, remember that it is never too late to start living a healthier lifestyle.

See one of our dentists in Hollywood FL location and talk about possible ways to quit smoking. 

Dr.Justin

15 january 2021, 18:33
373

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