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Symptoms of Periodontal Disease In Adults

As a rule, neglected periodontal disease causes infections, gastritis, and liver disease. In addition, the patient may completely lose all of his teeth, after which he will not be able to eat comfortably without dentures or special implants.


Specialists identify the following causes of the disease:

  • insufficient oral hygiene;
  • variable hormonal background;
  • low immunity;
  • cancer, diabetes mellitus or HIV;
  • the presence of bad habits (smoking, which destroys tissue);
  • leading an unhealthy lifestyle.


The regimen that determines how to treat periodontal disease depends on the severity of the disease. It passes through several stages in its development.

  • Initial. An inflammatory process develops, but there are no symptoms.
  • The first stage. The gums are already dropping slightly, the teeth are still standing firmly in their cavities. The changes can only be seen on an X-ray of the bone tissue. The patient also feels the increased sensitivity of the teeth.
  • The second one. You may notice an even greater exposure of the tooth necks, as well as gaps between the teeth. The sensitivity of the teeth is even stronger, and the x-ray shows a change in the alveolar process.
  • Third. More than half of the height of the tooth roots have already protruded beyond the gums. The teeth become very mobile, and the alveolar process shows a 1 cm displacement on the X-ray. The patient has painful sensations when eating cold, hot or sour food.
  • Fourth. The x-ray shows that the roots of the teeth are only held by the apex. Two thirds of their length is already protruding. The teeth themselves are very mobile, which not only makes it difficult to talk but also to eat.


Treatment of periodontal disease in adults depends on the type and stage of the disease. It can be local, when 2-3 teeth are affected, or generalized, when the lesion extends to the upper and lower jaws. As a rule, the local form develops first. Without treatment of periodontal gum disease, it develops into a generalized form.

Therapy of such a disease is complex in nature. Another of its peculiarities is that it is carried out in stages, and the stages are not interchanged, because this can reduce the effectiveness of therapy. All methods of how to treat periodontal disease are chosen exclusively by the dentist at our Affordable Dentistry of South Florida dental clinic based on diagnostic findings.


Periodontal disease is a very insidious disease because it develops almost asymptomatically. In its early stages the patient does not even have the slightest suspicion of the problem. In addition, periodontal disease is very easy to masquerade as other dental diseases. The patient should pay attention to the following symptoms:

  • swelling of soft tissues in the area of the mouth;
  • bleeding gums;
  • bad breath;
  • pain and discomfort from eating cold, hot or sour foods;
  • a taste of blood in the mouth;
  • mobility of the teeth, which increases over time;
  • gradual baring of the bones of the teeth.


Only an experienced dentist can determine how to treat periodontal gum disease. During diagnosis, he identifies the stage of development of the disease, taking this into account selects the methods of therapy. The general treatment regimen includes the following measures:

  • removal of plaque and plaque above and below the gums. Conducted with the help of a special apparatus;
  • splinting to stabilize teeth and prevent them from loosening;
  • apparatus treatment to stimulate blood flow and improve tissue nutrition in order to activate mucosal restoration;
  • gumplasty, i.e., restoration of atrophied parts of the mucosa to cover exposed tooth roots;
  • medication treatment. The patient is prescribed antibiotics, vitamins and a special diet.

When asked where to treat periodontal disease, the answer is the professional dentists at Affordable Dentistry of South Florida. Our dental clinic is staffed by specialists with extensive experience. You can use the online form to make an appointment or call us at 954-534-9181.


02 august 2022, 15:38

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